Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief and Development

Disaster Risk Reduction

Published: 11:19 AM 27-11-2016 Updated: 10:18 AM 02-03-2017
 
 
   
  Print
 


Copyright Afghan Aid

The Sendai Framework

The Sendai Framework focuses on preventing new disaster risks, reducing existing disaster risks and strengthening disaster resilience. It also calls for various measures to prevent and reduce hazard exposure and vulnerability, and increase preparedness and recovery. This requires a shift from disaster management to risk resilience. This shift to disaster resilience development requires increased regional cooperation.

Further reading

Read the special report published by the ARC consortium for the Brussels Conference on Afghanistan's resilience to natural disasters and climate change here

More about the Asian regional plan to implement Sendai framework
More about ARC
More about AfghanAid

 

Disaster Risk Reduction

EVENT

ACBAR participates in the Asian Ministerial Conference for DRR in Delhi

Major  disasters  over  the  past  years  provided  stark  reminders  of  the  concentrated  disaster risks  that  affect  human  well-being  and  future  development  in  Asia  and  the  Pacific. Many countries  in  Asia-Pacific  have  made  considerable  progress  in  disaster  preparedness  and  in reducing vulnerabilities, resulting in reduced mortality associated with hydro-meteorological hazards. However, economic losses in the region due to disasters continue to increase. 

The case of Afghanistan is critical. Nearly four decades of conflict, combined with drought and environmental mismanagement, has resulted in widespread degradation of Afghanistan’s natural resource base, and weakened the country’s institutional capacity to implement environmental policies, plan for natural disasters, and provide humanitarian response when natural disasters occur. Today, according to UNOCHA, approximately 60 percent of Afghanistan’s population is threatened by natural hazards, and each year recurrent hazards affect an average of 235,000 people.

On 3-5 November 2016, the Asian Ministerial Conference for Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) was held in Delhi and opened by Prime Minister Modi.  The delegation from Afghanistan was headed by the Deputy Minister of ANDMA and four NGOs from Afghanistan also attended: ACBAR, Afghanaid, CoAR and Focus.  At the end of the conference, an ‘Asia Regional Plan for Implementation of the Sendai Framework’ was adopted which seeks to guide and support national programmes across the Asian region.

In Afghanistan some progress has been made by Government, NGOs, and international partners to reduce the impacts of natural hazards, but much more remains to be done. As a follow up to the conference, in the next two years Afghanistan needs to:

  • Translate and disseminate key messages and essence of the Sendai Framework in national languages to increase awareness.
  • Identify Sendai Framework focal point.
  • Take stock of Afghanistan’s current status of disaster risk reduction.
  • Establish a national mechanism to collect, analyse and disseminate information on disaster losses and risks with appropriate level of disaggregation for gender, age and disability.
  • Revise/develop its national strategies/plans for disaster risk reduction in line with the Sendai target.
  • Establish multi-sectoral and multi-stakeholder national and local platforms to foster dialogue and cooperation between governments, science and technology community and other stakeholders for risk-sensitive development and innovative risk management.
  • Develop regulatory or policy frameworks to reinforce risk considerations and risk reduction measures into development initiatives, particularly in the infrastructure sector.