Introduction to Climate Change ( From Science to Action in Afghanistan)-UNEP
The objective of the training is to support Afghan NGOs/CSOs at national and provincial levels, to better understand, Climate Change from science to action to consider it in their interventions, and to contribute in building adaptation and mitigation capacity in country. This training course enables to understand:
The ongoing conflict in Afghanistan is a challenge for humanitarian actors and humanitarian access; this challenge is compounded by a lack of familiarity among parties to the conflict and the humanitarian actors about the international legal standards pertaining to humanitarian access in situations of armed conflict.
Afghanistan is a party to the four Geneva Conventions of 1949 and to Additional Protocol II 1977. Based on the Geneva Conventions and Additional Protocol II, the parties to the conflict have a responsibility to facilitate humanitarian access for the people who are in need. Article 3, common to the four Geneva Conventions of 1949, establishes minimum standards that parties, including State and non-State actors shall, respect in non-international armed conflicts. Civilian casualties and violation against different civilian groups, including national and international NGOs, UN agencies and other Humanitarian Agencies is a big challenge today in Afghanistan.
By conducting trainings on Humanitarian Access in Situation of Armed Conflicts & Humanitarian Principles the participant’s capacity will be built on the legal framework of humanitarian access in situation of armed conflict.
A training module developed by ACBAR, mainly discussing on method of data collection, data analysis, report writing and decision making. The training will enable the trainees to:
The Afghan Constitution provides for the right to work. The Afghan Labor Law was endorsed by the government in 2008. Rights, responsibilities and other social insurances of national and international employees are organized by Labor Law.
This training will build and enhance the knowledge and capacity of participants on some specific issues related to labor law such as; work permit, vocations, working times, recruitment conditions, compulsory work, probationary period, range of salary, financial compensation related to work, pension and labor associations.
NGOs Law was ratified by Afghan Government in 2005 and published in official Gazette. Afghan NGOs law organizes issues related to national and international NGOs, their rights, responsibilities and relations with the government. The condition of establishing an NGO, the registration authority, using from assets, unauthorized activities for NGOs, NGOs statute, financial resources, audit, reporting to Ministry of Economy, are the important issues described by NGOs law. By conducting trainings on NGOs law, participant will get deep knowledge on their rights and responsibilities against NGOs law.
The Afghan Income Tax law was ratified by the government in 2009. The most important issues which are related to NGOs in income tax law are financial year, tax of national and international NGOs, Tax exemption, annual salary and tax statement, tax from the foreign citizen’s employment, conditions for using tax exemption, tax penalty if the tax statement is not prepared and tax identification number. These are the issues that NGOs staff has a crucial need to build and enhance their capacity and increase the quality and transparency of their official activities.
The Code of Conduct is a set is of shared norms, principles and values that aim to guide the conduct of NGOs in Afghanistan. Any NGO operating in Afghanistan and registered with the Ministry of Economy is eligible to sign the Code of Conduct. The Code of Conduct is consisting of general principles, operating principles, code of observance and an annex. The code was recently revised by member NGOs and republished in to three languages (Dari, Pashto and English).